La Befana and the Befanotti

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Well as we have already said in an earlier article, the weather once again made itself felt as the Befana unfortunately arrived in Barga in a mixture of rain clouds, mist, fog and drizzle.  All in all, not very joyous occasion but the organisers of the event deftly changed foot, change direction and moved the event out of Piazza Angelio and the non-existent bonfire and instead moved everything inside in what used to be the Scottish Museum. All eyes were then on the weather forecast for the evening when the Befanotti come down from the mountains for their traditional meeting and singing in Barga Vecchia  ….  did it happen?

…and the answer was, a resounding YES …  there were three main groups of Befana and Befanotti moving through the city last night.

As usual they were entering houses, giving out presents to excited children and also frequenting the bars and restaurants singing the traditional Befana song and as tradition commands, were being paid for their services by being offered glasses of hot punch.

As the evening wore on the cumulative effects of all those hot punches became more and more apparent and the singing of the Befanotti, like their clothes,  became by stages more and more ragged.

One of the main groups which included many of the musicians from Barga Jazz not only sang and played the traditional Befana song but also with variations … a jazz version was heard and even at one point, far into the evening, the residents of Barga Vecchia were treated to a Ska version of the song.

La Befana

The Feast of the Epiphany, celebrated January 6 with a national holiday in Italy, and the tradition of La Befana are a big part of Italian Christmas celebrations. Epiphany commemorates the 12th day of Christmas when the three Wise Men arrived at the manger bearing gifts for Baby Jesus. The traditional Christmas holiday season in Italy lasts through Epiphany.

Italy’s traditional celebration includes the tale of a witch known as La Befana who arrives on her broomstick during the night of January 5 and fills the stockings with toys and sweets for the good children and lumps of coal for the bad ones.


According to the legend, the night before the Wise Men arrived at the manger they stopped at the shack of an old woman to ask directions. They invited her to come along but she replied that she was too busy. Then a shepherd asked her to join him but again she refused. Later that night, she saw a great light in the sky and decided to join the Wise Men and the shepherd bearing gifts that had belonged to her child who had died. She got lost and never found the manger.

Now La Befana flies around on her broomstick each year on the 11th night, bringing gifts to children in hopes that she might find the Baby Jesus. Children hang their stockings on the evening of January 5 awaiting the visit of La Befana.

The origins of La Befana may actually go back farther, to the Roman’s pagan festival of Saturnalia, a one or two week festival starting just before the winter solstice. At the end of Saturnalia, Romans would go to the Temple of Juno on the Capitoline Hill to have their augers read by an old crone. Many pagan traditions were incorporated into Christmas celebrations when Christianity became main stream. La Befana was a good substitute for the old woman who read the augers. The saying augur originated with this practice, too, as it was common to wish someone good augers. – source

Barga Befana Music

Classic Befana song from 2004 by JJ Carde on guitar, Alessandro Rizzardi on mandolin and none other than Aristodemo Casciani on keyboards – befana song 2004

Jazz Befana – a very rare recording from a cell phone of the 2009 version of Befana Jazz –  befana jazz 2009

Barga Befana archives

Befana 2000 | 20012003 | 2004 | 200720082009 |

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Looks like great fun and everyone turned up! Goes to show, you just can’t dampen the spirits!



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